Adiantum pedatum – In time, with good moist compost and filtered light this fern will form a lush clump gradually spreading its welcome wands of foliage.


For pot cultivation: A mix of 75% peat and 25% perlite works well but straight peat, coco-peat or a combination of both is possible. This is necessary because fern roots need plenty of air in the substrate to create a good root system. Excess water must also be able to drain away easily. The initial EC of the mix:0.5- 0.8 (for example a standard pre-mix) PH : 5.0-6.0. In open ground woodland compost is an ideal substrate along with regular water, good drainage and light shade.

The best selection for cultivation in zone 3!

This species is difficult to grow in arid climates. But where happy, adiantum can spread by rhizomes to form large colonies, a lovely and delicate groundcover for part to full shade where soil is rich and summer water is plentiful. The species can be grown indoors as well, and also as a patio plant tolerating low light. This fern look nice next to blue-margined hostas or a dogwood.

A truly distinctive fern with the ladyfingers.

This plant is clearly one of the most ornamental options for cultivation in zone 3. This native fern, with its black stems fork in half with 3-5 finger-like divisions, each with their own soft, somewhat frilly apple-green leaflets
extending in a horseshoe, thrives in a humus rich evenly moist soil, with good winter drainage. Although deciduous and depending on Mother Nature’s whims, it can hold its fronds into late fall, so you can enjoy it for a long time

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Richard Hayward

The plant hunter

Richard Hayward, a famous British fern collector, has enjoyed ferns ever since he encountered them as a boy scout in South Wales and took them to London as souvenirs. After his retirement he owned a small fern farm in North Wales. He still exchanges spores and plants of rare species with other fern enthusiasts.

"I love ferns because of their diversity in shape, foliage, colour and beauty and their enormous urge to survive."



Polystichum yunnanense – This fern grows wonderfully without significant attention, even under dry conditions for a while. This rare fern asks to be discovered by more


Athyrium otophorum ‘Okanum’ – This lovely deer-resistant evergreen fern is so unique that it is actually recognizable from a distance. Anyone that observes Wine and Lime


Dryopteris sieboldii – This is a most unusual fern with magnificent and oddly shaped fronds that mark it out as quite distinct from any other Dryopteris.


Dryopteris sichotensis – A large Asian forest fern with dark scales and strong, flat growing fronds. Occurs in the undergrowth of forests, in the highlands on


Lastreopsis microsora – This fern has been used for years as bedding plant in southern California, the creeping rhizome is moderately slow-growing and easy to control.


Dryopteris koidzumiana – This unique fern loves warmth, so patience is required for it to start growing. But once it does, new fronds emerge with their